IP Addressing Tutorial – Network Address, Mask (Interactive, Visual Animation 3)

IP Addressing Tutorial – Network Address, Mask (Interactive, Visual Animation 3)

 

Q1. What is network address?

Reply: We can see organization and host addresses in two ways:

1) Network-ID and Host-ID

 

An IP address is made of two sections, the left part is network ID, the right part is have ID.

 

For instance, in 100.3.4.5, assuming that 100 is an organization ID, then, at that point, 3.4.5 is a host ID. Assuming that 100.3 is network ID, then, at that point, 4.5 is a host ID.

 

2) Network-address and host-address. We should What is my ip take a gander at two models:

 

IP-address Network-ID Host-ID Network-address Host-address Mask

100.4.5.6/8 100 4.5.6 100.0.0.0 100.4.5.6/8

150.1.2.3/16 150.1 2.3 150.1.0.0 150.1.2.3/16

Note: Network veil is introduced as/m where m is a 2-digit decimal number between 8~31.

Note: IP, organization, and host addresses are generally given covers.

 

Q2. What is cover?

Reply. IP utilizes network cover to separate a 32-cycle IP-address into network-ID and host-ID. Network-address is made of organization ID bits on the left and 0 pieces on the right.

 

For instance, for 150.1.2.3/16, 16 is the organization veil, 150.1 is network-ID, 150.1.0.0/16 is network-address, 2.3 is have ID, 150.1.2.3/16 is have address. Network-address is utilized by switches to advance bundles. Have address is utilized to recognize has in a similar organization.

 

Q3. Why organization addresses?

Reply: When numbers are too much, we utilize various leveled construction to oversee them. For instance, phone number are organized as.

 

For instance, 086.021.1234.5678 is a number in China, Shanghais. The voice message is exchanged by country code, city code, and prefix. Organized telephone numbers are a lot more straightforward to switch than level 10-digit telephone numbers.

 

Web faces a comparative circumstance. There are almost 4.2 billion locations (IP has 32 pieces. or then again 2^32 individual locations.) Routers use directing tables to foreword parcels. Clearly, it’s a lot more straightforward for switch to deal with organized addresses than 4 billion level ones.

 

IP’s answer is to utilize network-locations to advance parcels, not individual ones. Network cover breaks a location into an organization ID and a host-ID. Directing tables use network addresses, not IP addresses.

 

For instance,

– 100.0.0.0/8 organization has 16,777,216 addresses. In a steering table, (100.0.0.0/8, next jump interface) says: forward parcels with a similar objective organization to the equivalent next bounce interface.

– 150.1.0.0/16 organization has 65,536 addresses. In a directing table, (150.1.0.0/16, next bounce interface) deals with sending 65,536 individual locations in 150.1.0.0/16 organization.

– 150.1.0.0/16 organization has 65,536 IP addresses. In a directing table, (150.1.0.0/16, next jump interface) deals with sending 65,536 individual location in 150.1.0.0/16 organization.

– 222.111.44.0/24 has 256 IP addresses. In a directing table, (222.111.44.0/24, next bounce interface) advances 256 IP addresses in 222.111.44.0 organization to the following jump interface.

 

Q4. How present veil in decimal?

Reply. Present veil the same way as IP address. For instance.

/8 is introduced as 255.0.0.0.

/16 is introduced as 255.255.0.0.

/24 is introduced as 255.255.255.0

Leave a Comment